Human Resource Development HRD - Definition
According to American Society for Training and Development (ASTD),
"HRD is the integrated use of :-
- training and development,
- organisational development, and
- career development to improve individual, group and organisational effectiveness."
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Features of Human Resource Development HRD
The nature / scope / characteristics or features of HRD are as follows :-
1. Training and Development
HRD involves training and developing the employees and managers. It improves their qualities, qualifications and skills. It makes them more efficient in their present jobs. It also prepares them for future higher jobs.
2. Organisational Development (OD)
HRD also involves Organisational Development. OD tries to maintain good relations throughout the organisation. It also solves problems of absenteeism, internal conflicts, low productivity and resistance to change.
3. Career Development
HRD also involves career planning and development of employees. It helps the employees to plan and develop their careers. It informs them about future promotions and how to get these promotions. So HRD helps the employee to grow and develop in the organisation.
4. Performance Appraisal
HRD conducts Performance Appraisal, Potential Appraisal, etc. It informs the employees about their strengths and weaknesses. It also advises them about how to increase their strengths and how to remove their weaknesses.
HRD is multidisciplinary. That is, it uses many different subjects. It uses education, management, psychology, communication, and economics. HRD uses all these subjects for training and developing the employees.
6. Key Element for solving problems
Now-a-days an organisation faces many different problems. These problems are caused due to the economic, technological and social changes. These problems can be solved only by knowledge, skill and creative efforts. This knowledge, skill, etc. is achieved from HRD. Therefore, HRD is a key element for solving problems in the organisation.
7. Continuous in Nature
HRD is not a one time affair. It is a continuous process. Development of human resources never stops. This is because continuous changes happen in the organisation and environment.
8. Integrated use of sub-systems
HRD system involves the integrated use of sub-systems such as performance appraisal, potential appraisal, career planning, training, etc.
HRD places the right man in the right job. Placement is based on performance appraisal, potential appraisal, training, etc. Proper placement gives satisfaction to the employee, and it increases the efficiency.
10. Promotions and Transfer
HRD also gives promotions and transfers to the employees based on performance appraisals, etc.
11. Motivation by Rewards
HRD also motivates the employees by giving them rewards for performing and behaving better, suggesting new ideas, etc. Financial and non-financial rewards are given.